Clara Endicott Sears (1863-1960)

Preservationist, Historian, & Author

Clara Endicott Sears, preservationist, historian, and author, was born in Boston on December 16, 1863.

Born into a wealthy family, Sears was a descendant of John Endicott and John Winthrop, early Massachusetts Bay Colony governors. Educated by her mother, she became fluent in French and acquired a passion for history on family trips to Europe. Her grandparents encouraged interest in literature by reading her the works of family friends Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (Lot 580, Indian Ridge Path), James Russell Lowell (Lot 323 Fountain Avenue), and Louis Agassiz (Lot 2640 Bellwort Path).

Though she was beautiful and prized for her social status, Sears thought marriage restrictive and made a pact with cousins Mary Endicott and Fanny Mason (Lot 3844, Fountain Avenue) to never marry. Sears led an independent lifestyle, acting as her mother’s adult companion, and traveled to Europe to visit Mary, who had married and moved to England.

A black and white photograph of a woman seated in a white dress
Clara Endicott Sears by Harper Pennington, ca.1880

Sears purchased 35 acres of land in Harvard, Massachusetts in 1910 and build a mansion and working farm on the property. When she discovered that her property was connected to Fruitlands, Bronson Alcott’s failed utopian village, she bought the 300 acres of adjacent property. In 1914 she researched and restored the Alcott farmhouse with the aid of the Massachusetts Historical Society and the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (now Historic New England).

Sears made a career of preservation at a time when the pursuit was uncommon, and established the Fruitlands Museum to record Alcott’s experiment. Around the same time, Sears befriended a local Shaker community who asked her to record their history and preserve their oldest building. She restored the 1794 structure and filled it with Shaker objects, effectively creating the world’s first Shaker museum. In addition to publishing Gleanings from Old Shaker Journals (1916), a study of original Shaker manuscripts, Sears also wrote several fictional works.

During the plowing of her land in 1928, Native American artifacts surfaced and captured Sears’ attention. She began collecting Native American artifacts and planned to display them in her forthcoming museum, a practice now prohibited by the Native American Graves Protection & Repatriaton Act (NAGPRA).

At the age of 67, Sears combined her three museums and chose a board of trustees to carry out her mission. Sears opened the Portrait Gallery in 1940 as a place to exhibit her personal collection of 19th-century folk portraits. An addition was built to expand the Portrait Gallery to house her collection of Hudson River School paintings. Sears’ museum work slowed during World War II and she surrendered 200 acres of her Fruitlands property to the military in 1942.

In 1945, Sears was finally able to open her Hudson River School exhibit to the public. She received many awards for her work in historic preservation including the Medal of Honor of the National Society of New England Women and the first Annual Author’s Club Citation of Distinction. She died in Boston in 1960.

Clara Endicott Sears grave

Clara Endicott Sears is buried at Mount Auburn in Lot 1847 on Lupine Path.


Adapted from the research of Jill Graboski, as published in Mount Auburn’s December Birthday: Clara Endicott Sears, 2004.